Health Supreme by Sepp Hasslberger

Networking For A Better Future - News and perspectives you may not find in the media

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August 19, 2004

'Green Gasoline' Benzene Leukemia Risk In Children Confirmed

A recent French study reports that children living within reach of either a gas station or a car repair shop have a fourfold risk of developing leukemia.

The study confirms the warnings given by German heart specialist Hans Nieper who investigated the health effects of two substances employed in the automotive industry since the 1980s. In fact when lead was shown to be toxic, it was eliminated from gasoline and was replaced by benzene, to keep the liquid within correct burning parameters for existing motors. At around the same time, catalytic converters were introduced as a solution to reduce toxic exhaust gases.

Nieper had warned that the platinum in catalytic converters gets airborne in small but significant quantities and that these aerosol platinum compounds may cause lung cancer and manifestations of chronic fatigue.

Benzene, which was introduced at the time lead was removed from fuel, is another toxic substance that may, according to Hans Nieper, cause cancer.

Now the warning on benzene has been confirmed as accurate by the French study. After decades it thus turns out that our "solution" to toxic lead in gasoline which introduced so-called "green" fuel and catalytic converters may be no less toxic than the problem it was meant to eliminate.

See also:

Health effects of ultrafine platinum particles

The lies of Unleaded Petrol

Benzene forms dioxin - Why Is Dioxin So Dangerous?

Benzene health information

Leukaemia link to petrol stations

Aug 19 2004

(original article here)

Living near a petrol station or commercial garage may quadruple the risk of childhood leukaemia.

The study in France found a link between cases of acute leukaemia among youngsters and how close they lived to a petrol station or a garage carrying out car repairs.

Past research has shown an association between occupational exposure to benzene - a cancer-causing hydrocarbon derived from petrol - and leukaemia in adults.

The latest study, published in the journal Occupational and Environmental Medicine, suggests a similar link among youngsters living near benzene-emitting sources like garage and petrol stations.

The researchers, from the French National Institute of Health and Medical Research, based their findings on 280 cases of childhood leukaemia and a comparison group of 285 children.

The children were drawn from four hospitals in Nancy, Lille, Lyon and Paris in France, with almost two-thirds (60%) of the children with leukaemia aged between two and six years old.

The team found no clear link between the mother's occupation during pregnancy or levels of traffic around where they lived and the risk of the child developing leukaemia.

They also saw no link between leukaemia and living near businesses such as those dealing with aluminium, plastic, wood, metalwork, printing works and ceramics.

But a child whose home was near a petrol station or garage was four times more likely to develop leukaemia as a child whose home was not close to such a business.

The researchers said the risk appeared to be even greater for acute non-lymphoblastic leukaemia, which was seven times more common among children living close to a petrol station or garage. They also said that the longer a child had lived close to a petrol station or garage, the higher their risk of leukaemia appeared to be.

See also related:

Unleaded petrol: have we been told the full story?
The non-lead ingredients added to petrol to stop pinging and maintain octane ratings are known as aromatics. They are from a category of organic substance known as VOCs -- volatile organic compounds. These include benzene, toluene (methyl-benzene), dimethylbenzene, xylene and mesitylene (1,3,5 triethyl-benzene). All are petroleum derivatives. Some are toxic, others are extremely toxic.

Benzene has been linked to cancer and leukaemia in numbers of studies. As long ago as 1977, the Italian Ramazzini Foundation for Oncology and Environmental Science established that benzene was a powerful carcinogen. It also found subsequently that all aromatic hydrocarbons in fuel cause increases in malignant tumours in animals.

Professor Cesare Maltoni and Morando Soffritti have conducted tests on exposure to all fuel additives. In August 1994 Maltoni addressed the Clean Air Conference run by the CSIRO in Sydney. He presented evidence that benzene is one of the most dangerous industrial carcinogens known. He stated that the risks from benzene and other aromatics have been seriously understated in view of the scale of motor vehicle pollution.

Benzene Exposure Linked To Blood Changes
December 03, 2004 - A new study shows that exposure to benzene, even at low levels, significantly lowers blood cell counts.

Benzene exposure linked to blood changes
Blood changes, including a steep decline in disease-fighting white cells, have been found in workers persistently exposed to low levels of benzene, a common industrial chemical known to pose a leukemia risk at high concentrations.

Pollutant 'damages bone marrow'
Exposure to even small amounts of the chemical benzene may pose a health risk, say scientists.

Benzene more dangerous than you think - study
December 03 2004 - Washington
Even "safe" levels of benzene damage immune system cells and could lead to cancer or other problems, United States and Chinese researchers reported on Thursday.

Air pollution causes early deaths
Air pollution is responsible for 310,000 premature deaths in Europe each year, research suggests. A study by the European Commission calculated that air pollution reduces life expectancy by an average of almost nine months across the European Union.

Concerned that research linking benzene to cancer could lead to expensive and strict controls on the petroleum industry, five major oil companies are funding a multimillion-dollar study to counter the findings. The study, launched in 2001 in Shanghai, China, with as much as $27 million from BP, ChevronTexaco, ConocoPhillips, Exxon Mobil and Shell Chemical, will analyze benzene's effects on the blood and bone marrow, and its ability to cause cancer in workers. The research is expected to be completed in 2007, according to the American Petroleum Institute, which is overseeing the funding group. But in depositions, proposals to oil companies and other documents collected by a Houston law firm in unrelated lawsuits and provided to the Chronicle, the results of the study already have been predicted.

Benzene: The Health Dangers of this Chemical Used in Juices, Soft Drinks & Much More
Benzene, a cancer-causing chemical found in gasoline, smog and cigarette smoke, can form in soft drinks that contain ascorbic acid (vitamin C) and the preservative sodium benzoate.


posted by Sepp Hasslberger on Thursday August 19 2004
updated on Sunday November 21 2010

URL of this article:


Related Articles

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The Guardian has published an article by Georges Monbiot which discusses the implications of widespread use of "biofuels", as advocated by several environmentalists. Biofuels are fuels grown as agricultural crops such as rape, soy, oilpalms, sunflowers or peanuts. In his article, titled "Feeding Cars, Not People", Monbiot predicts that the use of agriculture for fuel production will have a disastrous impact on the food supply for the people of this... [read more]
November 23, 2004 - Sepp Hasslberger

Multiple Chemical Sensitivity: Enzyme Related Toxic Overdose
More than 200 diseases have been linked to pollution by a recent study, according to an article published in The Independent. Although it has been known for some time that increased cancer incidence is linked to pollution, it is seldom we see an open acknowledgement in the mainstream press that we are actively poisoning ourselves with chemicals and other pollutants released freely into the environment. Those substances are so ubiquitous... [read more]
November 16, 2004 - Sepp Hasslberger

Honolulu Bans Water Fluoridation
February 12, 2004 - The mayor of Honolulu enacted a local ruling designed to protect the water supply of Honolulu and Oahu island from contamination. Fluoridation is the target of the ruling, which specifies no substance to treat humans instead of the water will be allowed to be added to the water. A safeguard against "orders from above" is also built in: the ordinance requires that any chemical additive to... [read more]
March 15, 2004 - Sepp Hasslberger

Toxic Teflon Frying Pans
The Fumes from non-stick frying pans lined with fluorine compounds such as Teflon, can be deadly to birds. We don't seem to understand that warning sign very well, although Canaries have for a long time been used to warn miners of deadly gases in the 'underworld'. A recent report available on the site of the Environmental Working Group accuses Du Pont, maker of Teflon non-stick material used in frying pans... [read more]
January 31, 2004 - Sepp Hasslberger

Cancer - Are Chemicals To Blame?
Cancer may be largely to blame on man made chemicals in our environment, rather than on smoking and diet, the factors that are emphasized by medical experts. The article reporting the Canadian study was printed in the Penticton Herald, a relatively obscure paper and I haven't seen it taken up by other press outlets so far. A separate study of scientists from the Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine blames... [read more]
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Readers' Comments

It looks like we need a higher level of intelligence and creativity to truly solve environmental problems.

I wonder how this awareness can be promoted?

Posted by: Tom Sepp on August 20, 2004 03:59 PM


Benzene is mainly released into the air from gasoline fumes and exhaust. The Toxics Release Inventory identified that over 2 million pounds of benzene to water and land was released from 1987-1992. The majority of benzene releases were from petroleum refining industries.

Here is more about benzene and acutemyelogenous leukemia.

Posted by: James on August 27, 2004 04:15 PM


Re: the above links to Health Effects and Green Gasoline articles
Both describe the EFFECTS of fluoride potentiation but neither mention the F word. Teflon gases do their dirty work via fluorine ion, and fluorides severely potentiate the uptake of heavy metals into lung tissue. In fact, ozone - the most often fingered culprit - does little damage UNLESS ACCOMPANIED BY FLUORIDE (Mullenix et al). This wilful omission of the synergistic and potentiating effects of airborne fluoride in almost every scientific article on the health effects of other airborne pollutants is why fluoride is consistently below the public radar. It is also why "scientific research" is able to show that airborne particles of other pollutants don't need to be reduced. If you can show that platinum and titanium particles don't cause airway irritation (because you conveniently omit the fluorides that are always accompanying them in real life and are the real reason why those metals damage the respiratory and immune systems), you can readily convince legislators that tighter controls aren't needed. Even sulfur dioxides don't harm you much unless they are potentiated by fluoride - which they always are in real life, as fluorides are the number two emission from coal-fired power plants.
see for extensive bibliography on fluoride health effects.

Posted by: A. Terpstra on September 13, 2004 03:38 PM


This is a comment posted by Beldeu Singh to a later article titled: Why Retroviruses Appear in AIDS, Cancer and Autoimmune Diseases but it is very much relevant to the present one, so here goes...


There are studies that looked at such contaminants as benzene, formaldehyde, acetaldehyde, and butadiene, coming from sources ranging from cars to forests fires to industrial polluters. Such pollutants that are part of haze can increase health risk by 100 times.

Benzene is a known carcinogen just like formaldehyde. Benzene is now a component of petrol.

In many areas, the atmospheric concentrations of several toxic chemicals exceed state ambient health standards, many of which were established in the 1980s to protect public health from the adverse impacts of toxic chemicals in the air we breathe. One contaminant of particular concern is a known human carcinogen: benzene.

Benzene is a volatile organic compound emitted from both natural and human-created sources. The internal combustion engine can contribute upto 48% of atmospheric benzene in some places. Indoor air can also contain high concentrations of benzene from common household cleaning products, glues, paints, and cigarette smoke. Natural sources include forest fires.

Both controlled and wild fires are the biggest benzene producers. The emissions from all these industrial facilities may be a small proportion of the total benzene emissions in areas prone to bushfires. Bushfires are huge contributors to benzene emission.

Benzene can be found in the air, water, or soil, although it evaporates quickly from the soil and water surfaces. Once in the air, the pollutant reacts with other atmospheric chemicals and breaks down within a few days. Benzene in the air may be returned to the ground by rain.

The minimum detection limit during the six-year period for benzene was 0.38 µg/m3, a value 3.2 times higher than the standard itself. As the minimum detection limit is above the standard, it is possible that non-detect levels of benzene still exceed the health standard. Of the 619 samples collected at the four monitoring sites during the period, only 5 percent were below the minimum detection limit (0.38 µg/m3), and 80 percent of the non-detects occurred at Underhill, the rural site. The maximum concentration measured in Vermont (15.4 µg/m3), on the other hand, occurred in Rutland on February 19, 1994. This concentration exceeded the air standards by 128 times.

Fuel with lead or benzene as an additive, allophatic medication with benzene derivatives and other products where benzene is used in some part of the manufacturing process and biomass burning are modern problems that coincide with the rise of disease conditions over the last 30 years. Biomass burning is a problem because the impact on air pollution is huge and produces long term health problems. Burning a kilogram (2.2lbs.) of wood in a new wood stove will produce about 130 grams of carbon monoxide, 51 grams of hydrocarbons (including up to 10 grams of carcinogenic benzene), 21 grams of fine particulates, and about 0.3 grams of the highly carcinogenic poly cyclic organic hydrocarbons (EPA, 1984, Larson, 1993). Wood burning also produces from 10 to 167 milligrams of highly carcinogenic dioxins per kilogram of fuel burning (Abelson).

In a haze created by forest fires or by forest fires and automobile exhaust fumes there is the added problem of very fine particles that can damage cell walls in the lungs and heart causing sudden heart failure in many cases. Benzene initiates free radical chain reactions and can cause oxidative stress, especially in malnourished societies and in urban communities with low antioxidant intake.

Exposure to low levels of benzene may be harmful to blood cells found in the marrow, according to a new study published in the journal "SCIENCE". The study found that white blood cells and platelet counts were lower even with benzene exposure levels below one part per million (ppm), the current level deemed safe by the US Occupational Health and Safety Administration. It also found that benzene exposure lowered the number of progenitor cells, which include stem cells in the blood. These stem cells and progenitor cells are precursors to all blood cells.

And it strengthens the link between benzene exposure and blood cancers and cancers in general. It also strenghtens the role of benzene in promoting free radical activity and oxidative stress associated with many chronic conditions, inlcuding AIDS, especially oxidative stress on white blood cells, cell membranes and within the mitochodria that leads to the depletion of MDNA.

It is logical to conclude that benzene derivatives will also lower white blood cell and platelet count as is noted with the long term use of certain drugs.

The increase of pollutants and the widespread use of chemicals, whether in household products, in industry and in the treatment of diseases coupled with decreasing antioxidant levels in fruits and vegetables due to leaching soils etc or otherwise low antioxidant intake is a recipe for chronic illnesses and health problems (see The Rise In Modern Illnesses).

The more you read the growing literature and scietific papers on free radicals and study how natural antioxidants scavenge free radicals, the more you will be convinced about natural antioxidant medication and therapies that can also help eliminate free radical-induced nonenzymatic reactions and pathways that produce disease states.


Posted by: Sepp on June 6, 2006 12:31 PM


hi, My granddaughter has APL Leukemia. How do I forward this article to her?
Thanks, Charmaine

Posted by: charmaine a nygaard on August 12, 2008 08:53 PM


Charmaine, send her this link: Sepp

Posted by: Sepp on September 24, 2008 05:16 PM


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The Individual Is Supreme And Finds Its Way Through Intuition


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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License.

These articles are brought to you strictly for educational and informational purposes. Be sure to consult your health practitioner of choice before utilizing any of the information to cure or mitigate disease. Any copyrighted material cited is used strictly in a non commercial way and in accordance with the "fair use" doctrine.



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