Space Vortex Theory: Einstein and Tewari's 'Cartesian Universe'
Einstein’s Greatest Blunder is the title of a paper by Roger A. Rydin, Associate Professor of Nuclear Engineering Emeritus at the University of Virginia, who says that Einstein's general theory, for all its mathematical elegance, should never have been applied to cosmological questions. In the Introduction, Rydin says:The 1915 exposition of Einstein's Theory of General Relativity (GR), plus the 1929 empirical statement of Hubble's Law, were the basis of an assumption that both of these applied to the evolution of the universe. That idea persists to this day. These equations are so appealing, mathematically, that they are also assumed to apply to black holes and to inflation and string theory, even though these solutions are not amenable to experimental confirmation. Einstein admitted that the addition of what he called the “Cosmological Constant” to his tensor set of 10 coupled 2nd order equations, forcing a static balance, was his “Greatest Blunder”. Actually, his greatest blunder was allowing the scientific community to believe that his GR equations applied to the evolution of the universe at all!
It is in an e-mail response to Rydin that Paramahamsa Tewari describes his own theory of the universe and his conception of the basic building block of matter as a hollow electron, fashioned out of the superfluid fabric of space. Tewari, for his view of the universe, comes back to René Descartes' conception of ether vortices as an element providing stability for the paths and orbits of material objects such as galaxies, stars and planets...
From: P Tewari
To: Roger A Rydin
Sent: Friday, May 07, 2004
Subject: Einstein's Greatest Blunder
Dear Prof. Rydin,
This refers to your above paper. I too believe that the concepts of space-time and time dilation are mythical, but I have been led to this conclusion while looking deeply into the mystery of mass, inertia, and charge of elctron. The theory that I have put forward (late seventies, 2003) to explain these most basic properties of matter [Space Vortex Theory, SVT] pinpoints Einstein's mistakes in his explanation of photo electric effect and introducing relativistic mass, and time dilation in special theory of relativity (STR, 1905). The principles of SVT and its quantitative results, briefly outlined below, provide sufficient arguements to disprove relativity (partly) and quantum physics.
1. Mass and Charge. What is mass and why does an electron possess a definite quantity of mass? Also, what is charge and why is there a definite minimum quantity of charge in electron? To answer these questions, elctron's structure that reveals the process of creation of electron and generation of mass and charge in it, is the start of SVT with a set of postulates given below.
[The medium of space is a three dimensional fluid substratum with nonmaterial (massless, chargeless, incompressible, continuous, nonviscous, homogenous) properties; the fluid space, when in circulation, has a limiting spin "w" (angular velocity, c/re) with a minimum radius re and a maximum velocity c, where c is equal to the velocity of light relative to the fluid space (absolute vacuum); the universal space is inherent with motion. (The limiting velocity c for material motion in Einstein's STR is postulated in the above postulate in a more general sense -- as the limiting flow velocity of fluid space)] .
The elctron structure (Fig. 1 and Fig. 2) that follows from the above postulates shows a space-vortex with a central hole (spherical void, energy less zone of nothingness) of radius re, around which space spins at w, thus creating a breakdown of space circulation and forming a dynamically stable void. [The spherical space surface enclosing the void is termed "interface"]. The most basic field is defined as "velocity of fluid-space-point", or simply, velocity field, "v f". From this electron vortex structure, electron mass is derived,
Mass of electron = volume integral of velocity field within the interface during its creation x c. (1)
Charge of electron = surface integral of velocity field on the spinning interface xc. (2)
From the experimentally determined value of elctron charge, the radius re of the spherical void is determined. And with this value of re, and from mass-equation (1), electron mass is computed. The near-ness of the computed values with the experimental values, provides proof to the mass-equation (1) and charge-equation (2).
The postulates dictate creation of only one size of stable void. This proves that there can be no other unit of charge that is less than electron and fraction of electron is not possible. Also, mass can be created only in the units of electron mass. From this it follows that all particles, nuclei, atoms will have mass in exact multiple of electron mass. [The relativistic increase of mass (experimentally observed) is seen to be due to reaction of fluid space against particle motion at high speed.]
From (1) and (2), mass of cosmic bodies (earth, planets, sun, stars) too can be computed as these equations have universal application.
As conceived by René Descartes, the solar system is a huge space vortex, carrying the planets in their orbits. The planets too are enclosed within their respective space vortices causing rotation around their axes and carrying the satellites in orbits. Descartes too conceived of property-less ether in his famous Vortex Theory. A solid proof to this system of space vortices lies in the derivation of the earth's gravity field from the motion of the moon, its distance from the earth and the space vortex enclosing the earth. Similarly, from the motion of the planet mercury and its distance from the sun, sun's surface gravity and wind speed at sun's surface are determined. Unlike Newton's theory, mass of the cosmic bodies does not appear in these derivations for gravity field/free fall acceleration.
Fields in electron structure, universal constants (Gravitational, Coulomb's, Dielectric, Planck's)
The origins of electrostatic field, gravity field, magnetic field are quantitatively derived from the space vortex structure of electron. Also all the known universal constants are derived from the two constants, c and re. Electrostatic, electromagnetic, and gravity fields emanate from the interface (spinning space surface enclosing the void) leaving the central void field-less and energy-less. So, there is no problem of infinite energy in electron's field.
A maximum possible acceleration field c^2 / re, which is inward due to the existence of the central void, exists on the interface (Fig. 2). Such an inward acceleration field in different magnitudes also exists in space vortices enclosing the earth (planets, stars) and, as already said, determines free fall acceleration on the earth, sun and the planets that has been computed accurately.
Similar to the inward acceleration field on the interface in electron structure, nuclei too have inward acceleration field on their surfaces, which create an inward force opposing the repulsive force within nuclei. Since this inward force from space is not known to quantum physics, weird theories on nuclear structure are imagined.
Einstein's mass-energy equation: E = mc^2, is derived from the space vortex structure of electron with the use of inward acceleration field c^2 / re. But the energy is not located at electron center.
As seen from (1), electron mass is proportional to the void at its center and not to energy as now believed. Also, all the energy of electron is located in its fields in space starting from the interface. The primordial energy of the universe is the dynamic space that partly converts to cosmic matter through space vortices. Energy has no mass; only matter has mass. Fields too have no mass property. The modern concept that elctromagnetic fields and photons have mass is erroneous.
Nature creates only one fundamental particle, that is electron. [Positron is an oppositely rotating electron]. Nuclear particles are assemblies of electrons and positrons assembled ingeniously with strong electromagnetic forces and inward acceleration field from space.
The oppositely oriented space vortices of electron and positron create attractive action. Repulsion takes place with similar direction of rotation. This principle operates in the solar and galactic systems as well. For instance, planets (enclosed within space vortices) with similar directions of rotations have electrical repulsion that oppose gravitational attraction between them and between them and the sun. [This repulsive force remains unrecognized today]. Since the planets are carried in their orbits by the solar vortex, they do not experience centrifugal force in their orbit. Similar repulsive forces exist between galaxies too. With dissimilar rotation, two galaxies will come closer and collide eventually. With the same direction of rotation they will be pushed apart. Such electrical repulsive and attractive forces that oppose or support gravity are not known in astrophysics. [recent report on galactic collision confirms this phenomenon].
By taking electrical repulsive forces into account (in addition to gravity and neglecting centrifugal forces), planetary orbital distances have been accurately determined.
Electrons are held and carried in their orbits by the velocity fields in atomic space vortices (enclosing nucleus) without any loss of energy or emission of light.
Light and Gravity
The most fundamental gravity field is that of electron produced during electron's creation (Fig. 5). When an electron meets a positron at close range, annihilation takes place; the voids collapse due to inward acceleration field; the vortex structure and field of the particles die off. This produces a spherical pulse of light (Fig. 8), which is fundamental and true nature of light. With this nature of fundamental light, an analysis carried out [Conceptual Error on Fundamental Nature of Light Phenomenon in Classical Electrodynamics, led to Complexities in Quantum Physics, Journal of New Energy, Vol. 5, No. 1, 3084 E. 3300 South, Salt Lake City, Utah 84109-2154] led to a conclusion that Einstein was right in his postulate that light speed is invariant with the motion of observers in different frames of reference. The very nature of light is such that different observers in relative motion measure the same velocity, and this is obtained without resorting to time dilation or length contraction.
In photo electric effect, Einstein did not take note of the kinetic energy that the orbital electron will possess before its interaction with light. The kinetic energy of the photo electron is not the energy received from light; it is its own kinetic energy (discussed in the above paper). The energy quantum hf is the energy in unit time, and is not available at an instant for transfer to orbital electron. Thus a misconception on the true nature of light and the significance of hf led to an erroneous explanation of photo-electric effect. And simultaneously quantum theory was raised on wrong interpretation of hf and photon nature of light, assigning to the photon material properties of mass, momentum etc. [discussed in detail in my book "Universal Principles of Space and Matter -- A Call for Conceptual Reorientation", and other papers at www.tewari.org].
Basic considerations show the universe is a vast sphere of fluid space (nonmaterial) with well organised circulating motion of space vortices. This sphere is itself the primordial energy (at one stage without any matter) that exists in an infinite extension of nothingness. The universal radius is computed as: (c^2 / re) s^2 = 3.3 x 10^31cm. The universal time (for light to transmit from the universal center to its boundary of space beyond which is nothingness) is: (c / re) s^2 = 7.5 x 10^20 s.
We can imagine the universal mass-less space of energy to be circulating around one of its diameters with the maximum velocity c and thus creating elctrons and positrons at the central zone -- a process of converting space motion into matter. These particles will be projected radially out at speed c, and during their motion will assemble into jets of hydrogen, forming galaxies with stars, planets, satellites. As the galaxies reach the universal boundary, the asymmetry of inward forces will reverse their motion sending them back to the universal center. This reversal of motion will bring the galaxies closer and start process of annihilation with their collisions. It may take time equal to the universal time for the space motion to organize itself into vortices for the start of the next cycle. It is a cyclic universe of conversion of space motion into matter and matter into space motion. [Creation of matter from galactic centers are even now going on (hydrogen jets) since speed of space circulation there reaches c.]
Newton discarded Descartes' Vortex Theory and reintroduced Democritus' space of emptiness and action at a distance. He could not explain gravity nor the force behind orbital motion of the planets. After the discovery of electron by the close of 19th century, models of electron as ether vortices were researched [Larmor, Lord Kelvin, others]. Problem arose of dilation and dissipatiion of ether vortex motion. The introduction of the central void in electron's vortex structure [SVT] will stop dissipation and provide dynamic stability. So, it has been possible to vindicate Descartes for his Vortex theory; and this became possible only after accepting Einstein's finding on the limiting aspect of light velocity.
It is only when the structure of fundamental matter (electron), that physically and quantitatively explains its behaviour and basic properties, is developed, that the need for the medium of space is seen; without which neither creation of matter nor creation of fields will be understood. When gravity can be understood and calculated from space-vortices in the solar system in three dimensional space, there may not be need to go for multidimensional space and other mathematical complexities.
Not directly related but interesting:
posted by Sepp Hasslberger on Thursday May 13 2004
updated on Tuesday December 21 2010
URL of this article:
New Physics: Debating Einstein, Matter, Time and Space
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